PfalzBordered by Rheinhesen on the north and France on the south and west, the Pfalz's vineyards sweep across this remarkably pretty, peaceful land for nearly 80 uninterrupted kilometers (50 miles).
It is Germany's second largest wine region in acreage, but often has the largest crop of all. The word Pfalz is a derivation
of the Latin word palatium, meaning palace. The English equivalent, Palatinate, is sometimes used to refer to the Pfalz. Modern
technology and viticultural training have made their mark here in the past four decades. Yet for the visitor driving through
the sea of vines along the German Wine Road, the scene is still pastoral with the tree-covered Haardt mountain range, castle
ruins, fruit trees, and old walled villages of half-timbered houses. The Pfalz is second only to the Mosel in acreage planted
with the noble Riesling grape. Here, it yields wines of substance and finesse, with a less austere acidity than their Mosel
counterparts. Pleasant, mild white wines rich in bouquet and full of body are produced from Müller-Thurgau, Kerner, Silvaner
and Scheurebe grapes, while smooth, fruity red wine is made from the Portugieser grape. In response to the growing demand
for red wine, there are many new plantings of Dornfelder, which produces a deep-colored wine that can be quite complex, depending
on the winemaking techniques employed.
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