Müller-Thurgau / Rivaner
The Müller-Thurgau, also commonly known as Rivaner, is the second most planted grape in Germany and accounts for 12% of the total vineyard area.
It is named after Professor Müller of Thurgau, Switzerland, who created it in 1882, by crossing Riesling and Madeleine Royale, not, as previously assumed, Riesling and Silvaner. It yields about 30% more than Riesling and ripens quite early - usually in the beginning of the harvest. While it requires less sun and makes few demands of the climate, it does need more rain than Riesling, as well as soil with good drainage.
Its wines are generally light, with a flowery bouquet and less acidity than Riesling. Müller-Thurgau often carries a hint of Muscat in its flavor. The wines are best consumed while being fresh and young. Dry versions are increasingly marketed under the synonym Rivaner. Just like the Riesling, the Müller-Thurgau represents a central part in the history of German wine.