Different Types of Wine
Viticulture & winemaking
Different types of wine
When nature has done its job and the grapes are harvested, it is the task of the cellar master to bring the high quality attained in the vineyard to the finished wine.
Wine law classifies three types of quality wine - white, red and rosé. The grape varieties and production processes are precisely defined.
White wine - sparkling, fresh and fruity
After the harvest, the white grapes are mostly destemmed (i.e. the berries are separated from the stems) and then crushed to produce mash. For white wine production, the mash is pressed directly or after a short period of time. This provides the winemaker with the must, still containing grape residues. The must is then stored in steel tanks or wooden barrels for fermentation. The fermentation is initiated spontaneously by natural yeasts coming from the grapes and juice or added as a pure culture yeast. The grape sugars are converted to alcohol and carbon dioxide. Any sugar that is not fermented stays in the wine and is called residual sugar.
Red wine - strong, velvety, full-bodied
For red wine also, in most cases the red grapes are destemmed directly after the harvest. This prevents the level of tannins from being too high. In contrast to the process for white wines, the red wine is fermented as a mash or heated briefly. The resulting alcohol or heating releases the color pigments from the berries.
Rosé, Rotling and Schiller wine
Not every rosé-colored wine is called "rosé ". The term "Weißherbst" is also frequently used. Common to both, is that they are made from red wine grapes but processed like white wine grapes. However, Weißherbst wines are made from a single grape variety as opposed to rosé, so this will always be found on the label. Both terms are often used interchangeably, because it is only this small difference and the term Rosé is recognized more internationally.
Due to their lightness and freshness, the German Rosés are not only ideal as summer wines, they are also uncomplicated companions for social occasions all year round. Consumers have recognized this, declaring rosé and Weißherbst to be their favorites and are buying products from German cellars more frequently.
Rotling - a special rosé-colored wine - is created by pressing red and white wine grapes together. "Badisch Rotgold" is a Rotling from Baden that is made exclusively from Pinot Gris and Pinot Noir grapes. Pinot Gris must have the higher proportion in this mixture.
“Schillerwein” is a traditional Rotling from the Württemberg wine region. No special grape varieties are required for its production. It probably did not get its name from the poet Friedrich Schiller, but rather from the iridescent color of the wine.