Wine Growing Regions
The Mittelrhein, known as "the Rhine Gorge", is a winegrowing area located between Bonn and Bingen, which extends about 100km south along the banks of the Rhine. It is a beautiful region of steep, terraced vineyards and some of the wine world's most splendid scenery - medieval castles and ruins clinging to rocky peaks, sites of ancient legends where Siegfried, Hagen and the Loreley seem to spring to life. Nearly three-quarters of the vineyards are planted with the noble Riesling grape. The clayish slate soil yields lively wines with a pronounced acidity. When there are years, in which the wines are particularly austere, they are sold to the producers of "Sekt", Germany's sparkling wine, where high acidity is an asset.
Geographical location: The 65km-stretch of the Middle Rhine Valley between Bonn and Bingen known as "the Rhine Gorge"
Major town(s): Koblenz, Boppard, Oberwesel, Bacharach, Bingen
Climate: The steep hillsides of the valley protect the vines from cold winds and there is ample sunshine. The Rhine serves as a large, heat-reflecting surface.
Soil types: Primarily clayish slate and greywacke
Vineyard area (2017): 469 ha · 2 districts · 11 collective vineyard sites · 100+ individual sites
Grape varieties [white 85.2% · red 14.8%] (2017): Riesling (65.9%), Müller-Thurgau (5.1%) and Spätburgunder (9.4%)
Marketing: About one quarter of the region's wine is produced by seven cooperative cellars. As in the Ahr, nearly all of the wine is consumed by locals or is sold to tourists.
Signposted routes through wine country: The routes B-9 and B-42 (driving) run on either side of and parallel to the Rhine. There are two hillside routes (driving) that offer views: the Rheingoldstraße through the Hunsrück Hills, from Rhens to Niederheimbach, and the Loreley-Burgenstraße through the Taunus Hills, from Kaub to the Loreley and from St. Goarshausen to Kamp-Bornhofen. Two signposed trails (hiking) on either side of the Rhine are the Weinwanderweg, between St. Goar and Trechtingshausen, and the Rhein-Wein-Wanderweg, between Kaub and Kamp-Bornhofen.